Ancient Greece

Architecture and Architectural Sculpture

Doric and Ionic orders.
Doric formulated on the mainland; the Ionic was the order of choice in the Aegean Islans and coast of Asia Minor.
shaft is the vertical channels.

Basilica, Paestum
The columns of the Temple of Hera are swelling at the middle of the shafts.

Temple of Artemis, Corfu
The hideous Medusa and two panthers at the center of this early pediment served as temple gaurdians.
It’s a hard task for Greek sculptor.

SiphnianRead all/全文

EGYPT UNDER THE PHARAOHS

PREDYNASTIC AND EARLY DYNASTIC PERIODS

Painting and Sculpture

PALETTE OF KING NARMER

Narmer’s palette’s narration is the normal form in Egypt, the artist use registers to make the palette more orderly, the figures in the palette combining profile view and frontal view. The pharaoh is the biggest in the center.

Architecture

MASTABAS

Mastaba is the standard tomb type in early Egypt. It’s a rectangular brick or stone structure with sloping sides.

IMHOTEP

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MESOPOTAMIA AND PERSIA

Sumer

The Sumerians developed city-states and formed a white temple for rituals. Sumerians also produced great literature.

INANNA

It is a female head make up with fragments of white marble.

WARKA VASE

It was the first work of pictorial narration.

ESHNUNNA STATUETTES

The oversized eyes of these statuettes depict that the worships for deities and the wakefulness to the connection between deities and them.

STELE OF THE VULTURES

The steel shows the battle of Sumerian.

Sumerian… Read all/全文

Neolithic Art

Anatolia and Mesopotamia

The agriculture developed, many towns developed, so the

JERICHO

Around 7000 BCE, they developed stone buildings to defend nomad, it’s a great achievement, and they used the skulls for rituals, also using plaster to restore the skull, and inlaid seashells as eyes.

Ain Ghazal

They remarked the beginning of monumental sculptures in Mesopotamia.

ÇATAL HÖYÜK

It developed the depiction of the human body, the shape of the torso, not only the profile.… Read all/全文

Paleolithic Art

Africa

What shall be my subject? -animals, but men are rare. They’re almost profiled because the only profile can show the essence.

Western Europe

Paleolithic human-headed shows that the ivory figure is very important for the artist.

Nude woman shows fertility images. The intents of makers maybe the female form.

Ancient artists always painted statuette.

The sculptors usually change the subject to keep the profile view and details.

Art in the Old Stone Age

The question… Read all/全文

Basic concepts 2

Who made it? From the personal style, art historian can attribute who made these art works.

Who paid for it? Patrons always have a big influence when artists are commissioned. They can change subjects and style in an artwork, under these circumstances, personal style is not important. So it is necessary to know who paid for it?

Basic words for art historian:

Form and composition (not only two dimensions but also 3D)

Material and Technique

Line (like Durer’s The Four Horsemen,… Read all/全文