Han dynasties

第一節 外來工藝品與佛教藝術的東傳

西漢時期對外交流:絲綢之路;可能的海上航道。
將域外想象為神秘的超自然的世界,激發了社會對於域外物質與文化的興趣。

民間與西域的交往最早開始於先秦時期
代表:青銅錯金銀有翼神獸。(或許與中亞、中亞的格裏芬形象有關)
古代遊牧民族的遷徙對早期歐亞大陸的交流起到重要作用。

來自域外的工藝品
器皿
銀盒:水滴紋凸瓣,公元前2世紀,廣州西漢南越王墓出土。采用錘揲工藝(可能來自古波斯),有的有青銅圈足和飾件。
銀壺:青海大通上孫家寨乙區3號墓出土,漢末至魏晉初年,肩部以錯金工藝裝飾六朵花葉,從風格看有可能是中亞的產品。
玻璃托盞:1-2世紀,廣西貴縣南鬥村出土,淺綠色,還有黃綠色玻璃瓶,均屬羅馬玻璃制品。

紡織品
壁掛殘片:公元前2世紀-公元2世紀,新疆洛浦縣山普拉1號墓出土,上端人頭馬,下端執矛武士(可能是亞歷山大)。
棉布殘片:1-2世紀,新疆民豐尼雅出土,白地印藍花,左下角有手持豐饒角的豐產女神德莫忒爾裸體半身像。(可能來自貴霜王朝的犍陀羅地區)… Read all/全文

ARGUMENT ONE: YOU ARE LOSING YOUR FREE WILL

WELCOME TO THE CAGE THAT GOES EVERYWHERE WITH YOU

We are remotely controlled like animals in cages. We even don’t know that.

THE MAD SCIENTIST TURNS OUT TO CARE ABOUT THE DOG IN THE CAGE

The silicon valley gradually realizes the problem, but we cannot wait for them to solve this problem.

Carrot and shtick

Not only the pleasing kind, but punishment can also play an important role in addiction.

THE ALLURE OF MYSTERY

The algorithm is fitted with the human brain because the brain… Read all/全文

What Are Emotions For?

From the story that a parent rescued their daughter and perished, we can learn that self-sacrifice is an irrational urge from emotion. Our emotion is an extraordinary power that guides us to handle the challenges of life.

WHEN PASSIONS OVERWHELM REASON
From the tragedy that happened in Crabtree, we can learn that passions always overwhelm ration time and again.

Impulses to Action
In our emotional repertoire, each plays a unique role.

Our Two Minds
From the story that the woman… Read all/全文

Read notes

作者认为柏拉图对艺术的看法不妥。但在柏拉图的观点中,可以说艺术和他要建立的真理与乌托邦是对立的,本身就是有局限性的。柏拉图认为艺术应被禁止再现罪恶性情、放荡、粗鲁,是否也可以说柏拉图在批判摹仿性艺术满足人低劣的那一部分?

在古希腊中常有和欲望有关的故事,如对于古希腊神话中常有的身体幻化,我认为是很好的例子,如宙斯的幻化、阿波罗幻化成月桂树、牛头怪,人马兽也是其中之一,比如人马兽是国王伊克西翁被宙斯所塑造的涅斐勒所生,最终半人马被神所杀死。
喀戎是一个例外具有良好的品格,被徒弟赫拉克勒斯在追杀半人马强盗时误伤,喀戎本是不死之身,但赫拉克勒斯的箭浸泡了九头蛇的血,喀戎感到疼痛最终放弃永生换取普罗米修斯的自由。
半人马一般被当作野蛮,情欲,酗酒的代表,半人马被认为是酒神的追随者。人马可以表示着上半身、人的理性驾驭不了下半身的欲望?最终人马被神所杀死,喀戎也成为悲剧的代表,是否也意味着着这种野蛮、情欲的代名词,在古希腊中它最终要被神惩罚?半人马的故事对我们理解艺术尼采的酒神精神有什么启示?

Plato and Aristotle

柏拉图和亚历士多德艺术思想的比较:
柏拉图认为,艺术只是完美、永恒的本原的一种有缺陷的再模仿,人们从这种虚假模仿中是得不到真理(美)的;亚历士多德则肯定艺术家创作过程本身的作用,同时通过艺术作品对自然的模仿,人们更能深刻理解对象的美。
柏拉图认为,因为来自“灵感”、“礼物”,艺术是有力量的,同时也是危险的。为了保护理想的公民和理想的社会,艺术等级不高,必须严格控制;亚历士多德则认为艺术的模仿是一种教育和学习形式,是有价值的。
柏拉图认为,艺术家的灵感来源于神性的启发而不是一种技能,因此艺术家相比医药、建筑、算术等需要技巧的一类人更低级;亚历士多德则更为乐观,认为这种创造艺术的能力隐含在“模仿”之中,同样需要大量的学习和练习。

And the Clock Struck 8/8/08

I
The author got in touch with a man who had a vasectomy. Zhu lost her only daughter, he full of regrets that he followed the rule.

II
When the Olympics games approached, the government swung into build buildings like CCTV Underpants, Egg, etc.

III
When the count ran down, the author had a miscarriage, the game is over. During the time of the opening ceremony, there are a lot of rumors. The Chinese government can play the Small ball, but they don’t fare Big… Read all/全文

After the Quake

I
After the quake, The parent lost their own child.

II
The place of the earthquake is a test case of the one-child policy. So many parents lost their own child in the earthquake in 2008. After the quake, the Communist party recede the propaganda of the policy but banned the news about it.

III
This policy may be made China less productive, some people fired and lose their job because of this policy, it is crazy.

IV
The author followed the couple went from their working place in Beijing … Read all/全文